The state is an obliged actor in public problem solving. Public officials and elected representatives are expected to deliver outcomes that the people want, with or without the support of the market and society. This often creates a situation in which state capacity lags the capabilities of others. And it can be further compounded when political leaders are inattentive to the role of staffing and skill development in government. The focus of the How Institute in this arena will therefore be on enhancing state capacity.